OBSTRUCTIVE SLEEP APNEA
Syndrome of the obstructive apnea (OSAS) is a disorder that results from intermittent occlusion and repetitive airway during sleep superio r.
It is also characterized by the repetitive presence of apneas and hypopneas.
Apneas are defined as the cessation of airflow for more than 10 seconds. If the flow is present but has decreased to more than 50% of the baseline value, the episode is called hypopnea, which leads to a 2-4% oxyhemoglobin desaturation .
Occlusion is because the colaps or walls of the pharynx, which ends d and complete cessation (apnea) of airflow. N apneas has a variable duration and impact so di s ink on cardiorespiratory homeostasis.
S or repetition during sleep, day after day for years just producing significant alteracione s central nervous system, pulmonary and systemic irrigation my ocárdica and cerebral and circulation.
- Observed apneas
- Awakenings with a feeling of suffocation
- Frequent awakenings
- Restless sleep
- Gastroesophageal reflux
- Excessive drowsiness
- Feeling of non-restorative sleep
- Chronic tiredness
- Morning headache
- Concentration difficulty
- Memory loss
- Decreased libido
- Mandibular Advancement Devices (MAD) used in cases of mild to moderate obstructive apneas (such as the one we offer in our clinic, the OdontoApneia)
- Constant Positive Airway Pressure (CPAP). I n this treatment, a special interface or mask covering the nose and / or mouth while the patient due rme used. The mask will keep the airway open by adding pressure to the breathing air .
Diagnosis and Tests
- Questionnaires carried out by the health professional that will indicate if you are likely to suffer from sleep apnea.
- Cardiorespiratory polygraphy.